Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect. He was commonly referred to as Mies, his surname. Along with Alvar Aalto, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as one of the pioneers of modernist architecture.
He was born on March 27, 1886, in Aachen, Germany. He worked in his father’s stone carving shop and at some local design firms then he moved to Berlin, where he joined the office of interior designer Bruno Paul.
He began his architectural career as a beginner at the studio of Peter Behrens from 1908 to 1912, where he was exposed to the current design theories and to progressive German culture. He worked as well as with Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius, who was later also involved in the development of the Bauhaus. Mies worked as construction manager of the Embassy of the German Empire in Saint Petersburg under Behrens.
His first modernist house was constructed with the Villa Wolf in 1926 in Guben (today Gubin, Poland) for Erich and Elisabeth Wolf. This was soon followed by Haus Lange and Haus Esters in 1928.